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How to treat common skin problems

How to treat common skin problems
September 10
12:38 2014

It is said that ‘beautiful skin is the best makeup’. Glowing and flawless skin not only indicates good health, it also enhances your confidence and reduces the need for make-up. However, maintaining the radiance and flawlessness of the skin that we are born with can be really daunting especially if we live in a high pollution environment.

In order to combat the skin problems, it becomes essential to understand what causes these problems and only then we can understand what needs to be done to prevent them. The comst common enemies of our skin are: UV light, pollution, and excess heat.

Pollution:

India has some of the highly polluted cities in the world. Pollution increases your risk of skin problems due to allergic rash, contact allergy, and allergens. Pollution also increases risk of eczema. So, in short, the excess pollution basically makes the Indian skin more sensitive than western skin. Pollution has also affected the ozone layer in the atmosphere adversely. This erosion of ozone allows more UV light to enter through to the Earth, which also causes the higher exposure to the sun’s rays.

How to manage the problem:

To care for our skin in a highly polluted environment, first of all, we can try to use hypoallergenic products. This means that the ingredients thathave been examined by dermatologists and are known to lower risk of allergy.

Secondly, try to lessen the number of chemicals, fragrances and other products that you use. The more you are exposed to new components, the more your risk of allergy and irritation. Third, keep your skin moisturized. By keeping your skin properly hydrated you can guarantee the strength of the epidermal barrier. This strong epidermis creates a wall between you and the external pollutants, which help your skin, in tolerating environmental pollutants.

Sadly, we cannot reduce the levels of pollution around us instantly; all we can do is our part is caring for the environment and make sure that we are not contributing to increasing pollution. We can lessen our carbon footprint. Rather than using car, try to walk or use a bike. Use environment friendly options to make the world healthier for everyone in the future.

UV light:

India being in tropic al and temperate zones it is more susceptible to sunrays. The increased exposure to sunlight is likely to increase pigmentation disorders as well as aging. In addition, the occurrence of melasma (a condition in which patches of dark pigment occurs on face) is more in India than in western countries. Finally, UV exposure is also a recognized cause of skin malignancy, making it a threat to be conscious about.

How to manage the problem:

Shield yourself from the sun. It is recommended to avoid exposure to the Sun especially between 10 AM to 3 PM (when it is at its strongest). If you can’t avoid stepping out in the Sun, cover exposed areas.

Generally, individuals believe that exposure to Sun happens only when you are out on roads or not in shade, but the fact is completely different. UV light also penetrates through windows. So, wearing sunscreen or sunblock is essential. Generally, it is advised to apply sunscreen thirty minutes before direct sun exposure and also it should be reapplied every four hours so that it doesn’t fade. Additionally, look for both UVA and UVB protection. UVA protection is generally represented by a + grade, with the levels between + to ++++. For Indian skin, ++ is recommended. On the other hand, UVB protection is represented with an SPF factor. For Indian skin a minimum SPF levels of approximately 30 is suggested.

Heat:

Due to geographic factors, Indians are exposed to high temperatures. The increased level of heat can be the reason for number of skin problems. Firstly, excess sweat and its occlusion with clothes can result in heat rash, which is a very common problem in India. The heat rash is caused due to heat but the condition worsens by bacteria. It can also result in hair follicle or folliculitis. Furthermore, heat and sweat can also prompt fungal skin infections which will require anti-fungal treatment instantly.

How to manage the problem:

It is important to keep yourself dry and sweat free. Try using powder to get rid of excess moisture and don’t forget to use antiperspirant. This will assist you in preventing the excess sweat from collecting. In summers, try using a body wash that is also antiseptic. Ingredients like triclosan can be helpful in a cleanser that will act against the bacteria that causes heat rash and folliculitis.

Try to use non-greasy and non-comedogenic products. Non-comedogenic products are those that don’t have ingredients that block hair follicles.

All in all, Indian skin has its own requirements that you should try to recognize and manage. And, if you are suffering from any severe skin problem, then consulting dermatologist is highly recommended. Delay can only make the condition worst.

 

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