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Morning sickness

Morning sickness
June 17
12:43 2013

Morning sickness: causes and treatment options

Nausea and vomiting are considered as the most common symptoms of pregnancy. Even you must have seen it in Bollywood movies, as soon as a married woman starts vomiting the celebrations and preparations of welcoming a new member in the family are started. Feeling nauseated or sick is very common during the first few months of your pregnancy;however,the degree of vomiting and nausea differs from woman to woman. Some women only feel sick during early morning hours while some feel nauseated throughout the day, in extreme conditions women also find it hard to keep anything down including water. In such cases,you should see your doctor as soon as possible.

The term morning sickness can be misleading;generally,women who expect their first child find it extremely confusing because the feeling of sickness can strike anytime as well as it can last all throughout the day. The feeling of sickness without being can sick can happen anytime, so don’t correlate it with the term ‘morning sickness’. The nausea generally starts around 6 weeks of pregnancy but it can start as early as 4 weeks. The problem can worsen in coming months.

Some women experience relief by about 18 weeks, while for some it can last a month longer and in some cases,the problem persists until delivery. Of course, just because morning sickness is common and likely to last for months or all through out the delivery, doesn’t mean it is not a challenge or you should keep suffering no matter how hard time you are having, consulting your doctor is highly advised.

Probable causes of nausea while pregnant:

  • No one knows exactly what causes nausea or vomiting during pregnancy, but various changes in your body can be the most probable causes of feeling sick. Some possible causes include:
  • Human Chorionic gonadotropin (hCG):During early pregnancy this hormone rises speedily. No one knows how this hormone adds to nausea, but it is a major suspect because of the timing. When carrying multiples, the women have higher levels of hCG which again is associated with increased feeling of nausea and vomiting.
  • A sensitive stomach: Some women’s gastrointestinal tracts are more sensitive to the changes of early pregnancy. In addition, some research suggests that women with Helico bacter pylori- stomach bacterium have increased chances of having nausea and vomiting. However, not all studies verify this.
  • Estrogen: Estrogen is another hormone which increases rapidly in early pregnancy, so it is another suspect.
  • Increased sense of smell and sensitivity to odors: It is not rare for a woman in early days of pregnancy to feel overwhelmed by the smell of pizza from five booths away, for example,certain fragrances quickly trigger the gag reflex. (Some studies show that this can lead to higher levels of estrogen, but no study confirms this)
  • Some other reasons may include stress, multiple pregnancies, history of nausea and vomiting (in earlier pregnancy or due to birth control pills), motion sickness and history of migraine headaches and many more

Your nausea will affect your baby:

The mild to moderate nausea and intermittent vomiting is generally part of morning sickness and it won’t threaten your baby’s well-being. However, severe nausea and prolonged vomiting has been associated to a greater risk of preterm birth, low birth weight etc. Consulting your doctor is highly advised when you are not able to keep some food down or you find it hard to keep yourself hydrated.

If you don’t feel nauseated, does that mean you are more likely to have miscarriage?

Not necessarily;however, some studies show that women who have miscarriages are less likely to have had nausea. But, at the same time there are lots of women who have perfectly normal pregnancies with little or no nausea during early pregnancy. May be you are also the lucky one.

What you can do to get relief:

When suffering from mild nausea and vomiting, taking some easy measures can help. However, no suggestions are supported by strong proofs, but many women recommend them and found them effective during their pregnancy

  1. Make sure your stomach is not empty;eat small, frequent meals and snacks. High protein foods can also help you ease symptoms of morning sickness
  2. Take plenty of rest, but avoid lying down after eating (as it can slow digestion)
  3. Drink plenty of water and fresh fruit juices and sip them little and often rather than in large amounts as it may help prevent vomiting
  4. Take your time to come out of bed. Get up slowly;sit on the bed for few minutes. Also keep simple snacks like biscuits by your bed, when you first wake up, eat a few, take rest for some time and then come out of bed. These things can also help you ease feeling of nausea and vomiting
  5. Avoid fatty foods, maintain fresh and healthy diet.
  6. Avoid foods or smells that make you feel sick
  7. Wear comfortable clothes especially the ones that are lose on the waist
  8. Get fresh air
  9. Consult your doctor

Anti nausea remedies:

  1. Despite changing your lifestyle and diet, if your nausea and vomiting problem persists then your doctor may recommend a short-term course of anti nausea medicines. They can prescribe anti emetic;however, there are many more home remedies such as:
  2. Ginger: There is some proof that taking ginger supplements can help lessen nausea and vomiting. Moreover, till date there have been no negative reports of taking ginger during pregnancy. Nevertheless, ensure that you buy them from an established pharmacy or supermarket. You can also get them checked with your doctor before you use ginger supplements.
  3. Acupressure: Acupressure is also known to have great effects in reducing symptoms of morning sickness. Acupressure includes wearing a special band or bracelet on your forearm. Make sure you choose a reputed acupressure specialist and consult your doctor.

Consulting your doctor is highly advised when:

  • You have difficulty keeping anything down
  • You have not pass urine for eight hours or more; or you have dark colored urine
  • Feeling severely week and dizzy
  • In case of abdominal pain
  • Vomit blood

We hope you will find this blog post helpful in easing your morning sickness and you will have a healthier and unproblematic pregnancy.

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