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Fertility issues

Fertility issues
June 17
12:43 2013

Your guide to fertility issues

For a couple once they decide to step in the world of parenting, delay in conceiving can be stressful. If you are also having trouble conceiving even after havingregular unprotected sex then a visit to your doctor is recommended. However, the time it takes to conceive varies immensely. So, if you are comparing yourself with your friends then it is a very wrong practice. Even if you and your partner are healthy and fertile,the chance of conceiving each month is only 20-25%.

Although, if there are many more reasons that are making you think about fertility issues then there is nothing wrong, trying to find out more about common issuesand what might behindering your pregnancy.

Infertility is a common problem these days. Age is one of the factors that can affect your fertility.However, if a couple finds it hard to conceive then, often it is the woman is held responsible. This is a very common myth established in India. However, the fact is that infertility can be due to either one of the couple.So, when finding it hard to conceive for a long time a thorough check up of the partners is advised.

What causes infertility in women:

  1. Problems in ovulation
  2. Irregular or absent menstrual periods
  3. PCOS or hormonal imbalance
  4. POI or Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POI) (it is a problem when a woman’s ovaries stop functioning normally) / menopause
  5.  Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  6. Physical problems with uterus
  7. Blocked fallopian tubes (due to endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease etc.)
  8. Uterine fibroids (non-cancerous clumps or tissue and muscle on the wall of uterus)

Factors that can increase a woman’s risk of infertility:

  •  Age
  • Weight
  • Stress
  • Athletic training
  • Poor diet
  • Smoking
  • Excess alcohol consumption
  • STIs or Sexually Transmitted Diseases

What causes infertility in men:

  1. Varicocele- This happens when the veins on a man’s testicles are too large. This results in an increase in heat in the testicles which affects the quality and quantity of sperm
  2.  Lesser or no production of sperms-oligo or azoospermia
  3. Movement of sperm (injury or other damage to the reproductive system can block the sperm)
  4. Cystic fibrosis
  5. Surgery in groin or injury to testicles
  6. Sexually transmitted diseases, like gonorrhea, chlamydia
  7. Problems ejaculating
  8. Problems getting or keeping erection
  9. Infection with the mumps after teenage years
  10. Undescended testicles
  11. Testicular tumors, cysts or surgery

Factors that can increase the risk of infertility in man:

  • Age
  • Drugs
  • Heavy alcohol use
  • Smoking
  • Environmental pollutants like lead and pesticides
  • Hormone problems, kidney disease
  • Some medicines
  • Radiation treatment or chemotherapy for cancer

When to see a doctor:

Consulting your doctor is highly advised when experiencing delay in pregnancy. But, what could be considered as delay, this is a very important question. Experts suggest a woman could take at least 1 year to get pregnant, after trying regularly without any protection. However, when you are 35 or above consulting your doctor is advised after six months of trying, because a woman’s chances of having a baby decreases quickly every year after the age of 30.

On the other hand,if you or your partner has any of the above mentioned health problems then preconception check-up is advised. It is a good idea for any couple to talk to their doctor before trying to get pregnant. Depending on your medical history,they will present you with apt and customized treatment advice.

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